Currently, children grow up in a variety of family constellations, especially after parental separation. So, old definitions of family like biological ties, location or time might not be sufficient to define those post-divorce families from children's point of view. Moreover, previous research has indicated that parental separation can lead to difficulties of defining family boundaries and feelings of boundary ambiguity with children. As such, we would like to investigate how children define their family, given all family transitions they experienced starting from the parental separation. Therefore, we conducted qualitative in-depth interviews combined with creative methods (i.e. children's drawings) of 39 children (8-18 years old) of separated parents (16 girls, 23 boys) 21 children reside in joint physical custody, 15 children stay with a residential mother and 3 children stay with a residential father.
Results reveal the advantages (e.g. more stuff, new friends) and disadvantages (e.g. missing parent, moving stuff) of growing up in two households as well as ways to make this more convenient (i.e. flexibility, proximity & no conflict) according to children. Moreover, the drawings clearly indicate that children's views on their post-divorce family go beyond the classic idea of family as biological family. Next to drawing their biological parents and siblings, children also drew their stepparents, stepsiblings, halfsiblings, grandparents and even pets. Furthermore, almost all children drew all family members as one group instead different family groups in separate houses. This indicates that, although parents, researchers and social stakeholders may consider separated families as two different families, children still perceive this as one family: a family that goes beyond the borders of location, time and biological ties.
In 2018, Colombia's Supreme Court ruled that there will be no restrictions on parents having joint custody of children. Given this recent development, the country has no legal or administrative history of using joint custody as a means to resolve child custody disputes. However, the recent application of the ruling already poses limitations when those applying for custody, especially women, are living in conditions of social and economic precariousness. This paper examines the impossibility of shared custody in the case of Estrella, a woman whose child was placed in institutional child protection as a result of a custody dispute with the father. In this case, the overriding ideal of the nuclear family and maternal instinct related to assumptions regarding employment and economic stability is analyzed. In addition, the authors highlight the negative assessments that institutions make of the maternal care provided by separated and impoverished women. This is because institutional staff perceive that these mothers demonstrate lack of economic or moral rationality and they don’t fit the institution’s idea of a “good woman”. Finally, the authors reflect on the suffering contradiction generated by the clash between the rhetoric of children's rights and the application of the neoliberal model, which accentuates social suffering among the poorest families, mothers and children in Bogotá.
This paper presents the results of a set of qualitative interviews and a representative survey about violence against women, 15 years or older, married or in union, in a town called Tacoaleche, in the municipality of Guadalupe, state of Zacatecas, Mexico, conducted in November, 2019. The results of this investigation refers to the silence around violence. This silence is connected with social norms of community life. According to these results, we present a proposal for psychosocial intervention whose objective is to produce a community dialogue about violence.
The case is made that implementing shared parenting must be a political process with parent advocacy as an essential component. Illustrative process strategy is drawn from Canada, as a federal state with shared provincial and national responsibilities for family law and courts. Political action by parent advocates and allies at federal and provincial levels is presented. The author presents the case of Indigenous child and family services as a working Canadian example of implemented shared parenting. The equality of parents is presented as an essential element in an advocacy strategy for political change. Equal shared parenting (ESP) strategy is related to the Covid-19 pandemic and government inaction. ESP opponents in government and vested interests have exploited the pandemic for political power and funding. Implications: ESP advocates must develop allies, build relationships with political parties, leaders and parliamentary representatives, develop and use political and social media skills to pressure governments to implement ESP with strategies to counter anti-shared parenting forces.